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How are payroll taxes calculated?

How are payroll taxes calculated?

Payroll taxes are calculated based on a percentage of an employee’s earnings. These taxes include federal and state income taxes, Social Security tax, and Medicare tax.

To calculate payroll taxes, the employer will typically use the employee’s tax filing status and the number of exemptions claimed on the employee’s tax withholding form (Form W-4) to determine the appropriate tax withholding rate. The employer will then use this rate to calculate the amount of taxes to be withheld from the employee’s pay.

For example, to calculate federal and state income tax withholding, the employer will use the tax rate tables provided by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the state tax agency. These tables provide the tax withholding rate for each tax bracket based on the employee’s tax filing status and the number of exemptions claimed.

Similarly, to calculate Social Security and Medicare tax withholding, the employer will use the tax rates provided by the IRS. The tax rate for Social Security tax is currently 6.2% of the employee’s earnings, and the tax rate for Medicare tax is currently 1.45% of the employee’s earnings.

Overall, payroll taxes are calculated by applying the appropriate tax rates to the employee’s earnings and withholding the appropriate amount of taxes from the employee’s pay.

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